Purpose – This study aims to examine the multidimensional nature of institutional distance as a driver of acquisition decisions in emerging markets. Then, this study aims to offer a nuanced perspective on the role of its various formal and informal dimensions by taking into account the potential contingency role played by a firm’s context experience. Design/methodology/approach – Building on institutional economics and organizational institutionalism, this study explores the heterogeneity of institutional distance and its effects on the decision to enter emerging versus advanced markets through cross-border acquisitions. Thus, institutional distance is disentangled into its formal and informal dimensions, the former being captured by regulatory efficiency, country governance and financial development. Furthermore, our framework examines the moderating effect of an acquiring firm’s experience in institutionally similar environments, defined as context experience. The hypotheses are analyzed on a sample of 496 cross-border acquisitions by Italian companies in 41 countries from 2008 to 2018. Findings – Findings indicate that at an increasing distance in terms of regulatory efficiency and financial development, acquiring firms are less likely to enter emerging markets, while informal institutional distance is positively associated with such acquisitions. Context experience mitigates the negative effect of formal distance and enhances the positive effect of informal distance. Originality/value – This study contributes to institutional distance literature in multiple ways. First, by bridging institutional economics and organizational institutionalism and second, by examining the heterogeneity of formal and informal dimensions of distance, this study offers a finer-grained perspective on how institutional distance affects acquisition decisions. Finally, it offers a contingency perspective on the role of context experience.

Depperu, D., Galavotti, I., Baraldi, F., Institutional distance and cross-border acquisitions into emerging markets: The moderating effect of context experience, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EMERGING MARKETS>>, N/A; N/A (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1108/IJOEM-12-2021-1897] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/215624]

Institutional distance and cross-border acquisitions into emerging markets: The moderating effect of context experience

Depperu, Donatella
Primo
;
Galavotti, Ilaria
Secondo
;
2022

Abstract

Purpose – This study aims to examine the multidimensional nature of institutional distance as a driver of acquisition decisions in emerging markets. Then, this study aims to offer a nuanced perspective on the role of its various formal and informal dimensions by taking into account the potential contingency role played by a firm’s context experience. Design/methodology/approach – Building on institutional economics and organizational institutionalism, this study explores the heterogeneity of institutional distance and its effects on the decision to enter emerging versus advanced markets through cross-border acquisitions. Thus, institutional distance is disentangled into its formal and informal dimensions, the former being captured by regulatory efficiency, country governance and financial development. Furthermore, our framework examines the moderating effect of an acquiring firm’s experience in institutionally similar environments, defined as context experience. The hypotheses are analyzed on a sample of 496 cross-border acquisitions by Italian companies in 41 countries from 2008 to 2018. Findings – Findings indicate that at an increasing distance in terms of regulatory efficiency and financial development, acquiring firms are less likely to enter emerging markets, while informal institutional distance is positively associated with such acquisitions. Context experience mitigates the negative effect of formal distance and enhances the positive effect of informal distance. Originality/value – This study contributes to institutional distance literature in multiple ways. First, by bridging institutional economics and organizational institutionalism and second, by examining the heterogeneity of formal and informal dimensions of distance, this study offers a finer-grained perspective on how institutional distance affects acquisition decisions. Finally, it offers a contingency perspective on the role of context experience.
Inglese
Depperu, D., Galavotti, I., Baraldi, F., Institutional distance and cross-border acquisitions into emerging markets: The moderating effect of context experience, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EMERGING MARKETS>>, N/A; N/A (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1108/IJOEM-12-2021-1897] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/215624]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/215624
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